Blind and Visually Impaired/Orientation and Mobility
Children and youth with visual impairments may have visual difficulties along the range of activities from seeing print in a book to seeing all areas within the typical visual field. Visual information informs our learning. Visual information that is missed by these students can impact their Incidental Learning assumed to be common knowledge of all children and youth with typical vision. 
Without the ability to acquire information in ‘typical’ ways, these children and youth need to learn in alternative ways using compensatory skills and adaptive techniques. Their unique educational needs are met in collaboration with a vision teacher and possibly an orientation & mobility specialist. 
Services for students with visual impairments
Professional staff supporting students who are blind or visually impaired includes qualified teachers and Orientation and Mobility Specialists. The services on behalf of students, include: 
Student Evaluation - Functional Vision Assessment (FVA) 
• Conduct formal and informal assessments of visual functioning
• Review of medical and clinical records
• Observations and evaluation in the educational setting
• Assessment to determine student eligibility
• Write and present a report as a part of the IEP team
Direct Services
• Instruction supporting alternative literacy access such as Braille or audio formats
• Print material modification into tactile and enlarged formats
• Visual Efficiency Skills training
• Strategies for note-taking and study skills 
• Consultation and support for the student, staff and parents
• Instruction on the Expanded Core Curriculum 
Low Vision Assistive Technology
• On-site evaluations to determine the need for and use of Low Vision Assistive Technology 
• Coordinate equipment and software trials
• Provide a diagnostic report outlining student response to technologies
• Consultation and support related to the adaptive technology and software
• Staff inservices, trainings and technology support

The Expanded Core Curriculum for Students who are Blind or Visually Impaired includes areas needed specifically for student success beyond the academic curriculum. One area of student need that is also required for eligibility is the service of Orientation and Mobility. These services include: 
Orientation and Mobility 
• Non-visual and low vision travel techniques
• Campus and community-based travel instruction
• Instruction in the use of white canes and other mobility devices
• Distance magnification as a travel tool
• Technology resources that support safe and effective travel
Last Updated: 7/13/16
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